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Types of Needles
Ballpoint Needle: The rounded tip slips between yarns rather than piercing them to eliminate damage in knit fabrics. Use this needle when working on coarse knits, mesh fabrics, interlock knits and other fabrics that tend to run if snagged. You may find a universal point needle is better for finer knits.
Denim Needle: It has an acute point, slender eye and a stronger shaft. Use when sewing tough, heavyweight fabrics such as denim and canvas. A regular sharp-point needle can cause crooked stitches in dense fabric.
Embroidery Needle: This needle has a larger eye and a special scarf (groove above the eye) to protect decorative threads, such as lustrous rayons and acrylics, from shredding or breaking.
Leather Needle: It has the shape like a wedge at the point which gives it superior piercing power for unyielding fabric such as real leather, suede or heavy vinyl. This needle makes a clean, large hole as it enters the fabric. It is better to tie or seal thread ends rather than
back-stitching to secure. Sew accurately since removing stitches and re-stitching will leave hole markings. Synthetic leathers and suedes can and should be sewn with standard needles. A leather needle leaves unnecessarily large holes and weakens seams.
Metallic Thread Needle: The larger eye accommodates heavier threads, pampers delicate metallics that tend to shred and split (particularly Poly/Viscose/metallis blends), and makes needle threading easier.
Quilting Needle: A tapered point for stitching through multiple fabric layers and across intersecting seams makes this needle unique. It prevents damage to sensitive, expensive materials used in quilting.
Sharp Point Needle: It is sharper than the Universal Point needle and more slender through the shaft. Also known as the Microtex needle. Use it when sewing on finely woven fabrics, edge-stitching on woven fabrics, heirloom stitching on very fine fabrics and sewing on synthetic suede. It is a good choice for smooth stitches on chintz.
Skip-free Needle: This needle has a deeper groove and flatter shank than a universal point. It brings the bobbin thread closer to the needle for stitch formation. While it isn't as strong as a - 6 - standard needle, this needle may solve stitching problems on synthetic knits and faux suede.
Stretch Needle: A rounded tip and a specially shaped shank creates good stitch formation on highly elasticized fabrics such as spandex active-wear knits, and two way stretch swimwear knits or when sewing through elastic for direct application to a garment.
Topstitching Needle: It has an extra-large eye and deeper groove for use with heavier topstitching thread such as buttonhole twist, 30-weight rayon and cordonnet, or when using a double thread through the needle for more pronounced stitching.
Universal Point Needle: This needle type has a very slightly rounded point that is quite sharp and used for general sewing of most knit and woven fabrics. The 80/14 size is considered by many to be the perfect “all-rounder” size.